Terms of an employment contract can cover different areas and come from different sources, Other than written contracts signed by both parties, which are the most common form of employment contract, there are some other ways of stating contract terms: verbally, in the company’s handbook or on a notice board or in a letter of offer. There are also collective agreements, which are usually made between the employer and the trade union staff. These agreements can apply even to the employees which are not members of the union trade. There are also some contract terms that are prescribed by law, such as minimum wage.
Some contract terms are considered to be implied, which means that they need not be given in writing, but they are understood to exist.
There are several types of these terms:
• Terms necessary for the contract to work – one of the most common and the most important contract term of this kind is the “duty of mutual trust and confidence”. This is never stated in written as a term of the contract, yet it is understood that the employer and the employee will treat each other honestly and respectfully.
• Lastly, there are terms implied by custom and common practice. They are not universal for all types of companies and work, but they depend on the company’s policy or the custom of the country where the company is stated. A good example can be Christmas, where in many countries it is implied that the company does not work during Christmas holidays or that the employees receive a bonus at this time of year.read more
Discrimination basically means treating some people in a different way from the others. Discrimination is a serious problem of today, and people can get discriminated based on various factors. It is important to know that many sorts of discrimination are legally punishable, and if you encounter discrimination of any of these sorts on your workplace, you are allowed to report it to the authorities.
These are the types of discrimination which are regulated by law, and upon which you may react: gender, marriage or civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, sexual orientation, disability, race, color, ethnic background, nationality, religion or other beliefs and age. If you happen to be discriminated on the basis of any of these issues, you are allowed to take action and even file a lawsuit.
Discrimination can take several forms as well. There is direct discrimination, when the employer openly treats one group of people more favorably than the other. For example, if the employer hires a female over male candidate even though they have the same abilities, educational and professional background. Then, there is indirect discrimination, where working conditions or rules disable some groups of people from being hired. For example, if the dress code forbids beards, members of some religious groups may not apply for the job.
In every company, the employer has the obligation to ensure a healthy and safe environment and working conditions for all the employees. Similarly, the employees have the right to work in a safe and healthy environment, but also the obligation not to misuse the provided conditions and to keep their environment safe and suitable for their own wellbeing, as well as for the wellbeing of their co-workers. It is important to know your rights and responsibilities, in order to avoid inconveniences, or if they occur, to know how and when to seek for legal advice, you can ask follow this link.
Your rights as an employee may vary from company to company and country to country, but these are the universal ones, which need to be respected no matter where you work:
• You have the right to properly control your health
• You need to be provided with all the necessary protective equipment, with all the charges covered by the company
• You can stop working and leave the workplace if you are reasonably concerned about your safety without being penalized
• You have the right to take breaks during the workday (their duration and frequency depend on your country’s law and the company’s policy)
• You have the right to have at least a day off from work during one working week, as well as to have one paid holiday per year (its duration again depends on the country’s laws and the company’s policy)
Other than rights, there are, naturally, the responsibilities you have as an employee as well:
• You need to take reasonable care of your own safety and health
• If you operate heavy machinery, you need to always wear all the prescribed safety equipment and make sure not to wear inappropriate clothes that can endanger your safety
• You need to take care not to put other people in danger while doing your work
• You need to get proper training and make sure you are able to use all the machinery needed for your job
• You need to report any injury you suffer at work, or any condition you have that may cause you to get injured read more